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Eco R+2

This project seeks to propose an alternative to the ubiquitous affordable housing model in Morocco: the infamous R+2 (two story/ 6 units walk up). The proliferation of this typology was mainly caused by the tax cuts the Moroccan state provided to affordable housing developers, provided that each unit sold does not exceed a sale price of 250,000DH (around 25,000 US). This incentive is a strategy to help alleviate the affordable housing shortage in Morocco.

Aside from large developers, the cheapest typology for small to medium scale developers is the small footprint R+2 building, in which no elevator, nor costly structure are required. Can the R+2 still remain an attractive venture for developers if better design and sustainable features are included? The Eco R+2 attempts to prove that it is indeed possible.

Located in a small village, Ain Taoujtate, a dozen kilometers from Fez, and surrounded by agricultural landscape, the Eco R+2 is designed to suit not only its potential users needs -such as extending their unit, planting vegetables on the roof and using the roofscape as a social gathering space-, but also the climate. Hence, indoor comfort is controlled thanks to wall and ceiling cork insulation (rarely used in Morocco) and brise-soleil. Water runoff is stored and reused in a community garden. The interior couryard which acts also as a light well, is designed in a stagered fashion so as to let light enter deep inside the buiding.

The interior layout of the units maximizes the living room space, allowing it to have access to ample daylight.

Near this social housing prototype, we designed a playground using recycled tires that offers a diverse range of games.

 

Team: Aziza Chaouni, Badr Chikhi, Bassima Jazouli (ACP) | Abdeljlil Saadani (MEP and structual engineer)